CARIM is co-financed by
the European Union
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The legal module contains both a database of legal materials and notes from our national legal experts.
A page is dedicated to universal conventions and regional agreements which are relevant for international migration. For each of these instruments, we set out the ratification status for the 17 countries covered by CARIM.
Country-by–country research gives access to the legal texts collected by our correspondents in each of the countries covered by CARIM in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Region and Sub-Saharan Africa. Legislation and regulations are organized around key elements of the migratory process, which are listed below. National legal provisions regarding migration may stem from constitutions, codes, laws, regulations, decrees or decisions.
Regulation can also result from case-law, as well as bilateral or multilateral agreements concerning migration. We try to provide original, relevant and important legal documents on migration into, through and from the country of interest.
Then, for still more detailed information, you may consult the legal experts’ notes and papers.
This module of the database contains legal documents related to migrations in the regions covered by CARIM.
It is divided into two main parts: one concerning multilateral conventions; the other including national regulations and commitments.
The data list below is an ideal list, and data is obtainable only if a legal text in the mentioned field has been adopted and is somehow available.
Data on international conventions are organized like follows:
Universal level (UN and ILO)
a) European Union
b) African Union
c) ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)
d) CENSAD (Community of Sahel-Saharan countries)
e) AMU (Arab Maghreb Union)
f) League of Arab States
Data for each country are organized like follows:
Legal framework for foreign nationals
a) Entry, stay and exit of foreign nationals
b) Access to employment and studies
c) Access to civil and social rights
d) Other specific regulations
- Nationality and Citizenship
- Emigration and Diaspora
a) With European Union Member States
b) With neighbouring States
c) With other States
- Multilateral commitments
Analyses and Syntheses
CARIM has launched the new research topic: "Gender and Migration". Click here for more details and information on related events.
CARIM is currently publishing papers following research into Highly-Skilled Migration into, through and from the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean and Sub-Saharan Africa. Click on the link to view the papers in the series.
CARIM Migration Profiles provide an overview of demographic, economic, legal and sociopolitical aspects shaping migration in the country.
Click here for more information
CARIM has published 36 papers as a result of research into Irregular Migration in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries.
Click on the link to view the papers in the series.
CARIM has published 38 papers as a result of research into Circular migration in the Euro-Mediterranean area. Click on the link to view the papers in the series.
CARIM has just published 10 papers on Iraqi Refugees in Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey. Click on the link to view the papers.